Anzacs of Gallipoli: A Forced Conflict


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The expansive fronts of the Great War created a dilemma in terms of resources for Allied powers. The main theatre of the war transpired on the western front of France. This contributed to shortages of resources for operations outside of France, like that of the Gallipoli Campaign. Battleships used during operation at Gallipoli were considered expendable; Allied authorities deemed the ships as "left-overs" because of their outdated, pre-dreadnought technology. This influenced the offensive to evolve from a purely naval campaign, to the ambitious amphibious assault of the Ottoman Empire we know today.Carde Along with naval in-superiority, Allied authorities also received battalions of Anzac recruits. These soldiers received little military training and education because of their home countries' (Australia and New Zealand's) lack of military opportunities. These soldiers were unfit for the invasion of Gallipoli because of the lack of military training they experienced; this produced weak battalions. The overall force used at Gallipoli was mediocre at best. This created problems when facing Ottoman forces defending the coast of the peninsula. Unlike Anzac soldiers, Ottoman troops were fully conscripted, and rigorously trained and educated under German doctrine; this explains why Ottoman soldiers and battalions were successful defending the peninsula. The Ottomans became known as a formidable opponent because of their skilled military and tactics, but Allied authorities continued to disregarded them and relied on an inadequate invasion force in hopes of crippling the Ottoman Empire once and for all. Allied forces' chances of victory even before the campaign went into operation was low due to basic factors of military composition.