Anzacs of Gallipoli: A Forced Conflict


Leadership and Evacuation

When Allied forces arrived at the strait of Dardanelles, they were already fatigued from the journey to the shore itself. Transport ships were crowded and provided little comfort as many soldiers were clustered into one boat, this took a toll on the troops themselves. Not to mention, the lack of supplies,water, and food all of which lowered the morale of the Anzacs and other allied forces. The Ottoman-Turks were fighting to defend their fragile motherland, on the verge of collapse, with every ounce of strength they had, while the ill-ridden, unprepared Allied forces struggled to establish a foothold on the shores of Gallipoli. Tension between the leaders of the allied forces did not help this problem either. For example in the Battle at the Nek, when around 400 ANZAC soldiers died due to miscommunication between commanders and troops. When the first wave of ANZAC soldiers accidentally ceased fire, 7 minutes before they were ordered, a wave of foot soldiers that were supposed to rush the Ottoman line of defense, with bayonets, were gunned down within minutes. Nevertheless, a second wave of ANZAC troops were released and faced the same fate as the prior effort. Although the first two waves of soldiers proved to be futile, against the commander-in-chief of the 10th Light Horse Regiment’s recommendation, the Brigade Major ordered a third wave of 80 men be sent out, only to be slaughtered as well.

These errors, along with other reckless mistakes ultimately led to the seaborne evacuation led by General Monro. General Monro was appointed his position after the firing of General Hamilton in October of 1915. “Monro had arrived on the Dardanelles on October 28th; and already on the 29th he and his staff were discussing nothing but evacuation” -Marshal Cavendish, 1986. Because of this executive order, Winston Churchill felt discontent towards him, for his almost immediate abandonment. However in contrary Monro’s orders were excellently placed, as he saw how unavailing the whole campaign was. If Monro had leadership from the start, would the outcome of the campaign be different? Due to Inadequate supplies, poor preparation, miscommunication and poor leadership clear complications arose during the Allied Forces’ endeavor at Gallipoli Campaign. It not only costed the lives of countless men, but damaged the pride and authority of the those who were part of the conflict itself as well.